Page 12 - ATC Special Bulletin Series - Future Skies 2024
P. 12

7. Integrated/Adaptive CNS (Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance):
• Integrated CNS (Communication, Navigation, and Surveillance)capabilitiesensuresafeandefficient airspace operations, accommodating increased traffic volume and diverse airspace users.
8 Other Transformations:
• From Moving from Magnetic to a True North reference system to enhancing autonomy and developing a common altitude reference system, various initiatives contribute to reshaping air transportation.
Each transformation plays a pivotal role in advancing air transportation, highlighting the importance of collaboration, innovation, and adaptability. As the industry moves towards a unified sky vision, alignment between ATM and AAM becomes critical, promising a transformative era in aviation.
2. Operational Rules & Airspace Procedures Integration:
Dedicated rules of the air, licensing, and operating rules are essential for eVTOLs to ensure safe and optimised operations. Segregated or mixed airspace operations require robust separation minimas and contingency procedures to address varying operational scenarios.
3. Societal Benefits:
Sustainable integration of AAM into the existing global aviation infrastructure offers added value to society, including medical air services and missions in hostile environments. Addressing concerns such as noise, pollution, and energy consumption fosters social acceptance and embracement of AAM initiatives.
4. Detect and Avoid (DAA) Systems:
DAA systems serve as a safety net for collision avoidance, particularly in environments with high traffic density. These systems are crucial for unmanned aerial systems (UAS) operating beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS) and VTOL aircraft manoeuvring in congested airspace.
5. Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance (CNS) Infrastructure:
Robust CNS infrastructure is necessary to provide situational awareness and communicate intent among airspace users and traffic managers. Enhanced CNS systems, including low-cost detection technologies, support safe and efficient airspace operations.
6. Autonomous Systems:
Advancements in autonomy, including trajectory prediction and management, are driving the evolution of AAM. Autonomous systems enable efficient and adaptive flight operations, reducing reliance on manual intervention and enhancing overall system performance.
These enablers collectively form the foundation upon which the AAM ecosystem thrives, bridging technological innovation with societal needs and regulatory requirements. By addressing these key components, stakeholders can unlock the full potential of AAM and realise the vision of integrated urban air mobility.
The advancement of AAM hinges upon a myriad of enablers that facilitate safe, efficient, and scalable operations in both urban and rural settings. These enablers encompass a broad spectrum of technologies, regulations, infrastructure, and societal considerations, all working in tandem to usher in a new era of aerial transportation. Below are a few key enablers essential for propelling the AAM industry forward:
1. Ground Infrastructures:
Infrastructure supporting AAM operations, including vertiports and landing pads, is essential for facilitating urban air mobility. Vertiports serve as vital nodes in the AAM network, providing convenient access points for passengers and cargo within urban centres.

   10   11   12   13   14